11 Takeaways from MSCI’s February 2023 U.S. Capital Traits Report

As buyers in business actual property brace themselves for potential additional troubles within the regional banking sector after the failures of Silicon Valley Financial institution and Signature Financial institution, a brand new report from knowledge agency MSCI Actual Property factors out the present scenario ought to be seen much less as an surprising shock and extra as a continuation of tendencies that had been already evident available in the market for a while. Though MSCI’s February 2023 Capital Traits U.S. Massive Image report follows knowledge that grew to become accessible final month, earlier than SVB and Signature failures, it exhibits that capital markets circumstances have been tightening and a few actual property loans appeared headed for misery even earlier than these occasions got here to go. Listed here are some main takeaways from the report:

  1. General, capital flows into the business actual property sector, together with property acquisitions, refinancings and building loans, declined within the second half of final yr, to $842 billion, in comparison with $1.2 trillion throughout the identical interval in 2021. That development was pushed by a 44% decline in property acquisitions and a 23% decline in refinancings. The amount of building financings did rise by 9% in comparison with the second half of final yr.
  2. With financing phrases tightening and property costs declining, whole funding gross sales quantity in February registered a 51% year-over-year decline, to $26.9 billion. Over a 12-month interval ending in February, funding gross sales quantity declined by 25%, to $683 billion.
  3. In an setting the place rates of interest have been rising and the value of taking out new loans rising, borrowing prices on excellent property-level debt for funds tracked by MSCI/PREA U.S. AFOE Quarterly Property Fund Index rose to 4.4% in December 2022. The final time borrowing prices had been this excessive was a decade in the past, in late 2013, in line with MSCI researchers.
  4. The excellent news is that many of the open-end funds tracked by MSCI/PREA don’t carry excessive leverage and, in consequence, ought to be much less susceptible to market shocks. The funds’ gross debt averaged about 24.6% of their gross asset values.
  5. All through 2022, banks grew their market share of business actual property lending, accounting for 48% of recent mortgage originations within the sector, up from 40% throughout the five-year interval previous the COVID pandemic. Regional banks, which presently appear the almost certainly to undergo severe aftershocks from SVB and Signature failures, accounted for 27% of originations, up from 17% beforehand. Nationwide banks, however, saved their market share of originations comparatively regular, at 15% of the market in 2022 vs. 16% earlier than the pandemic. Authorities businesses (at 18%), investor-driven lenders (at 13%) and life insurers (at 10%) rounded out the most important originators of business actual property loans final yr.
  6. On common, regional and native banks provided loan-to-value (LTV) ratios that had been towards the upper finish of the spectrum, at 66.4%–above LTVs provided by authorities businesses, CMBS lenders, nationwide and worldwide banks and life insurers. The 2 lender teams that provided greater LTVs in 2022 included investor-driven lenders (71.2%) and CLO lenders (74.4%).
  7. Regional and native banks additionally served as the most important sources of lending for building financing final yr, with 29% of market share. In reality, by year-end, their share of recent building mortgage originations rose to 34%, as different lending teams pulled again on financing new initiatives, MSCI researchers identified. Investor-driven lenders got here in second, with 23 p.c of the market share in building financing. That marked a reversal from pre-pandemic tendencies, when nationwide banks had been the most important lenders on new building.
  8. Breaking down building lending by sector, regional and native banks financed 63% of originations on new lodge building and 42% of originations on new seniors housing building, far above different lender teams.
  9. There are roughly $900 billion in business actual property loans set to mature in 2023, and MSCI warned that in a tighter lending setting, a number of the debtors on these loans may face challenges securing refinancing. There are presently fewer prepared lenders available in the market than there have been earlier than, capital prices are greater and lending requirements have tightened. Nevertheless, a big share of the loans maturing this yr contain CMBS, CLO and investor-driven lenders, accounting for roughly $400 billion of the full sum. For a lot of financial institution lenders, mortgage maturities might be coming due in 2026 and 2027, when banks will account for greater than 50% of all actual property mortgage maturities, in line with MSCI’s tally.
  10. MSCI researchers did word an uptick within the quantity of distressed property available in the market within the second half of final yr, which reached $13.7 billion. Sixty-five p.c of those distressed conditions concerned workplace and retail property.
  11. Nevertheless, MSCI highlighted the distinction between the final profile of distressed property within the aftermath of the Nice Monetary Disaster (GFC), when many in any other case wholesome properties skilled financing points and at this time, when the misery in sectors resembling workplace usually has to do with market-wide shifts within the demand for such properties. Within the fourth quarter of final yr, gross sales involving distressed property represented 1.2% of the full funding gross sales market, in line with MSCI. At about the identical level within the restoration from the GFC, distressed gross sales made up 20.3% of the market. Right this moment’s “gross sales of property out of misery conditions are totally different than prior to now due to challenges which can be extra elementary,” MSCI researchers famous. There’s nonetheless a query of whether or not “an extra curtailment within the debt portion of the capital stack throw extra property with elementary challenges out to the market? Or would lenders and present house owners be pushing cash-flowing property out to the market as they did within the aftermath of the GFC?”

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